Formulation variables: Formulation variables that are generally considered include (a) the nature and form of the active principle (esters, salts, complexes, etc.), (b) the physical state, particle dimensions, and the specific surface of the product, (c) the solubility of the […]
Concept of dissolution: Dissolution test parameters, Intrinsic dissolution, Compendial dissolution methods and MCQs for GPAT, NIPER, Pharmacist and Drug Inspector exam
Dissolution Test Parameters: Eccentricity of the stirring device – The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) specifies that the stirring shaft must rotate smoothly without significant wobble. Eccentricity can be measured in terms of total indicator reading(TIR) with the help of machinist’s […]
Antimicrobial drugs: General consideration, Classifications of Antibiotics, MCQs for GPAT, NIPER, Drug inspector and pharmacist exam
ANTIMICROBIAL DRUGS- GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS Antimicrobial drugs: Antimicrobial drugs are chemical substances of natural or synthetic origin that suppress the growth of, or destroy, micro-organisms including bacteria, fungi, helminths, protozoa and viruses. Antimicrobial drugs include: antibiotics, chemotherapeutic agents. Classifications: These drugs […]
Antiemetics, Neuroleptics, Prokinetics used in emesis, MCQS for GPAT, NEET PG,NIPER, Drug inspector and pharmacist exam.
Antiemetics: Antiemetics are a heterogeneous group of drugs used to treat various causes of nausea and vomiting. Different antiemetics act on different receptors, and they may have a peripheral effect, a central effect, or both. Antiemetic drugs can help when nausea […]
Emesis, CTZ, Emetics used in emesis, MCQS for GPAT, NEET PG, NIPER, Drug inspector and pharmacist exam.
Emesis: Vomiting is rarely painful, but never pleasant. Vomiting, also known scientifically as “emesis” and colloquially as throwing up, retching, heaving, or being sick, is the forcible voluntary or involuntary emptying of stomach contents through the mouth or, less often, […]
Constipation, drugs for constiaption, laxatives and purgatives uses and side effects, MCQs for GPAT, NIPER, Drug inspector exam and pharmacist exam.
Constipation: It is a condition where there is infrequent bowel movement. Causes: Diet( lack of fibers and liquids), lack of exercise, age, […]
Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI) The Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO), Directorate General of Health Services under the aegis of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India in association with Indian Pharmacopeia commission, Ghaziabad is initiating a […]
Pharmacovigilance has been defined by the WHO (2002) as the ‘science and activities relating to the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse effect or any other drug related problems.’ The information generated by pham1acovigilance is useful in educating doctors […]
Oogenesis Process, Phases of Oogenesis, Notes of Oogenesis for Class 12, BPharma, BSc, Nursing, Medical and Paramedical exams
Oogenesis occurs in the outermost layers of the ovaries. As with sperm production, oogenesis starts with a germ cell, called an oogonium (plural: oogonia), but this cell undergoes mitosis to increase in number, eventually resulting in up to one to […]
Ball Mill Principle, Construction, Uses, Advantage, Disadvantage, and Question Answer for GPAT, GATE, Pharmacist, Drug Inspector & NIPER JEE Exam
Principle The ball mill operates on the principle of impact and attrition. In this, impact occurs between fast moving balls and the powder material while the attrition mode comes in action when the hollow cylinder rotates on its longitudinal axis. […]