Category: Pharmacology

Adenylyl cyclase: cAMP pathway : General Pharmacology Notes

Adenylyl cyclase: cAMP pathway Activation of AC results in intracellular accumulation of second messenger cAM P (Fig. 4.6) which functions mainly through cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). The PKA phosphorylates and alters the functi on of many enzymes, ion channels, transporters. […]

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Clinical Trials Phases | Differences in various phases of Clinical Trials | Pharmacovigilance Notes & Lecture

Clinical trial phases are steps in the research to determine if an intervention would be beneficial or detrimental to humans and include Phases 0, I, II, III, IV,  clinical studies . During Phase 0, pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics are determined. Safety […]

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Asthma, Antiasthmatic drugs, Pharmacodynamics , Pharmacokinetics, Side effects, Uses and MCQS for GPAT, NIPER, Pharmacist and Drug inspector exam

Bronchial Asthma: It is chronic condition in which a person’s airways become inflamed swell, narrow and produce extra mucus which make difficulty in breathing. Sign and symptoms: Coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and wheezing sound (whistling sound in airways). […]

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COPD, Classification of COPD, Pharmacodynamics, Pharmacokinetics, Side effects and Medicinal Uses, MCQs for GPAT, NIPER, DRUG INSPECTOR, PHARMACIST EXAMS.

COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a group of lung disease that blocks airflow and make it difficult to breathe. Types of COPD: There are two main types of COPD. Chronic bronchitis: Which involves a long term cough with mucus. Emphysema: […]

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