Alcoholic Liver Disease : Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And MCQs for NEET, GPAT, CSIR NET JRF

Alcoholic Liver Disease : Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And MCQs for NEET, GPAT, CSIR NET JRF


” Alcoholic liver disease is a result of over consuming alcohol that damages the liver, leading to a buildup of fats, inflammation, and scarring which could be fatal.”

Alcoholic liver disease is the damage of the liver and its function due to alcohol abuse.


  • Alcoholic liver disease occur because of the years of heavy drinking. Over time, which causes scarring and cirrhosis.
  • Liver cirrhosis is the final phase of alcoholic liver disease.
  • This disease is common in people between 40 and 50 years of age.
  • Men are more likely to have this problem.


There may be no symptom, or symptom may come on slowly. This depends on how well the liver is working. Some of the symptoms are :-

  • Edema, or swelling of the lower limb
  • A buildup of fluid in the abdomen, known as ascites.
  • Fever and shivering
  • Jaundice
  • Redness on palm of the hands
  • Blood in vomit and stools
  • Losing a significant amount of weight
  • Bleeding and bruising more easily
  • More sensitive reaction to alcohol and drug
  • In men, impotence, shrinking of the testicles, and breast swelling


  • Corticosteroids and pentoxifyline may be used for reducing inflammation in people having acute alcoholic hepatitis.
  • Other medication which are being currently studies include : Probiotics and antibiotics, stem cell therapy and medicines that target the inflammation pathway.
  • In people with liver failure, the liver completely ceases the function. This can be an outcome of advanced – stage liver disease and often mean that a liver transplant is the only option for prolonged survival.



1.] Liver disease refers to any abnormal process that affects the liver ?

a. True

b. False

2.] What is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in the U.S. ?

a. Genetics

b. Alcohol abuse

c. Bacteria

d. Viruses

3.] A telltale sign of liver disease is ?

a. Hair loss

b. Increased urination

c. Insomnia

d. Jaundice

4.] Liver disease can also arise from ?

a. Acetaminophen

b. Mushrooms

c. Stains

d. All of the above

5.] Which organ of the body has the capacity of regeneration after damage ?

a. Brain

b. Liver

c. Heart

d. Kidney

6.] Late – stage chronic liver disease is called ?

a. Liver failure

b. Cirrhosis

c. Liver cancer

d. Fatty liver disease

7.] Cirrhosis is most accurately diagnosed by ?

a. Eye exam

b. Blood test

c. Liver biopsy

d. All of the above

8.] What is the most common type of chronic viral hepatitis in the U.S. ?

a. Hepatitis A

b. Hepatitis C

c. Hepatitis D

d. Hepatitis B

9.] What important functions are affected by severe, acute or chronic liver disease ?

a. Blood clotting

b. Elimination of H2O, salt, drugs and toxins from the bkdy

c. Manufacture of blood proteins

d. All of the above

10.] Which of the following is the largest solid organ of the body ?

a. Stomach

b. Brain

c. Liver

d. Small intestine



1.] (a)

2.] (b) alcohol abuse

3.] (d) jaundice

4.] (d)

5.] (b) liver

6.] (b) cirrhosis

7.] (c) liver biopsy

8.] (b) hepatitis C

9.] (d)

10.] (c) liver


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1.] Textbook Of Pathology By Harsh Mohan; 7th edition; Page no. 604 – 609.

2.] Robbin’s Basic Pathology; 5th edition; Page no. 857 – 861.


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