Alcoholic Liver Disease : Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And MCQs for NEET, GPAT, CSIR NET JRF

INTRODUCTION :-

” Alcoholic liver disease is a result of over consuming alcohol that damages the liver, leading to a buildup of fats, inflammation, and scarring which could be fatal.”

Alcoholic liver disease is the damage of the liver and its function due to alcohol abuse.

CAUSES :-

  • Alcoholic liver disease occur because of the years of heavy drinking. Over time, which causes scarring and cirrhosis.
  • Liver cirrhosis is the final phase of alcoholic liver disease.
  • This disease is common in people between 40 and 50 years of age.
  • Men are more likely to have this problem.

SYMPTOMS :-

There may be no symptom, or symptom may come on slowly. This depends on how well the liver is working. Some of the symptoms are :-

  • Edema, or swelling of the lower limb
  • A buildup of fluid in the abdomen, known as ascites.
  • Fever and shivering
  • Jaundice
  • Redness on palm of the hands
  • Blood in vomit and stools
  • Losing a significant amount of weight
  • Bleeding and bruising more easily
  • More sensitive reaction to alcohol and drug
  • In men, impotence, shrinking of the testicles, and breast swelling

TREATMENT :-

  • Corticosteroids and pentoxifyline may be used for reducing inflammation in people having acute alcoholic hepatitis.
  • Other medication which are being currently studies include : Probiotics and antibiotics, stem cell therapy and medicines that target the inflammation pathway.
  • In people with liver failure, the liver completely ceases the function. This can be an outcome of advanced – stage liver disease and often mean that a liver transplant is the only option for prolonged survival.

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS [MCQs] :-

1.] Liver disease refers to any abnormal process that affects the liver ?

a. True

b. False

2.] What is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in the U.S. ?

a. Genetics

b. Alcohol abuse

c. Bacteria

d. Viruses

3.] A telltale sign of liver disease is ?

a. Hair loss

b. Increased urination

c. Insomnia

d. Jaundice

4.] Liver disease can also arise from ?

a. Acetaminophen

b. Mushrooms

c. Stains

d. All of the above

5.] Which organ of the body has the capacity of regeneration after damage ?

a. Brain

b. Liver

c. Heart

d. Kidney

6.] Late – stage chronic liver disease is called ?

a. Liver failure

b. Cirrhosis

c. Liver cancer

d. Fatty liver disease

7.] Cirrhosis is most accurately diagnosed by ?

a. Eye exam

b. Blood test

c. Liver biopsy

d. All of the above

8.] What is the most common type of chronic viral hepatitis in the U.S. ?

a. Hepatitis A

b. Hepatitis C

c. Hepatitis D

d. Hepatitis B

9.] What important functions are affected by severe, acute or chronic liver disease ?

a. Blood clotting

b. Elimination of H2O, salt, drugs and toxins from the bkdy

c. Manufacture of blood proteins

d. All of the above

10.] Which of the following is the largest solid organ of the body ?

a. Stomach

b. Brain

c. Liver

d. Small intestine

 

SOLUTION :-

1.] (a)

2.] (b) alcohol abuse

3.] (d) jaundice

4.] (d)

5.] (b) liver

6.] (b) cirrhosis

7.] (c) liver biopsy

8.] (b) hepatitis C

9.] (d)

10.] (c) liver

 

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REFERENCES :-

1.] Textbook Of Pathology By Harsh Mohan; 7th edition; Page no. 604 – 609.

2.] Robbin’s Basic Pathology; 5th edition; Page no. 857 – 861.

 

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