Stroke: Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and MCQs for NEET, GPAT, CSIR NET JRF

Stroke: Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and MCQs for NEET, GPAT, CSIR NET JRF

“Stroke is a clinical term that refers to the sudden development of the neurological deficit caused by abnormalities of the blood supply.”

1.] The term stroke is also known as “Brain attack” and is one of the symptoms of Cerebral infarction.

TYPES OF STROKE :-

Stroke Facts & Statistics - Stroke Awareness Foundation

The above image is taken for education purpose only from strokeinfo.org

CAUSES: –

Brain stroke is basically caused by following:

  • Blocked blood vessel in the brain
  • Bleeding in the brain from a blood vessel
  • Loos of O2 to parts of the brain
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking or regular consumption of tobacco
  • Heart diseases
  • Diabetes

SYMPTOMS: –

Following are the symptoms of stoke:

  • Sudden confusion
  • Weakness in arms and legs
  • Severe headache with no cause
  • Trouble in seeing
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of balance
  • Lack of coordination

Symptoms of a Stroke in Women vs Men | Go Red for Women

The above image is taken for education purpose only from goredforwomen.org

TREATMENT: –

Following are medications involved in the treatment of stroke:

  • An intravenous injection is given of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) also called altepase.
  • Sometimes, anticoagulants Statin and Antihypertensive drugs are also given.

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS: –

1.] What is a stroke?

a. Blocked blood vessel in the brain

b. Bleeding in the brain from the blood vessel

c. Loss of oxygen to parts of the brain

d. All of the above

2.] What is another name for a stroke?

a. Heart attack

b. Brain attack

c. Myocardial infarction

d. None of the above

3.] What is the major risk factor for stroke?

a. Obesity

b. Diabetes

c. High B.P.

d. Family history of stroke

4.] An ischemic stroke occurs when a blood clot blocks a blood vessel to the brain?

a. True

b. False

5.] What is the most common treatment of stroke?

a. Shock therapy

b. Aerobic exercise

c. Potassium

d. Blood thinner medication

6.] Blood supply to the brain that is briefly interrupted describes a?

a. Stroke

b. Mini stroke

c. Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

d. Both (b) and (c)

7.] Which of the following disease and stroke occur together, or in very close proximity?

a. Kidney failure

b. Infection

c. Heart arrhythmia

d. Seizures

8.] More women die from stroke then men. True or False?

a. True

b. False

9.] Which of these is a symptom of stroke?

a. Sudden confusion

b. Sudden weakness in an arm or leg

c. Sudden severe headache with no cause

d. Sudden trouble seeing

e. All of the above

10.] Strokes rarely occur in people under 65?

a. True

b. False

 

SOLUTION: –

1.] (d)

2.] (b) Brain attack

3.] (c) High B.P.

4.] (a)

5.] (d) Blood thinner medication

6.] (d)

7.] (c) Heart arrhythmia

8.] (a)

9.] (e)

10.] (b)

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REFERENCES: –

1.] Textbook of Pathology by Harsh Mohan; 7th edition; Page no.871.

2.] Robbin’s Basic Pathology; 5th edition; Page no. 1309 – 1311.

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